What is Cyberbullying?

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Online bullying can often found to be linked to dynamics of abuse already taking place in the offline world. In this article we explore this complex and fast growing phenomenon and the impact that it can have on our children.

What is cyberbullying?

Cyberbullying is any bullying behavior that takes place virtually. It can be harassment or humiliation over text, social media, or any type of technology from one person to another.

Is Cyberbullying Different From Offline Bullying?

Cyberbullying is often linked to traditional bullying (e.g., bullying at school). In fact, studies have shown that it is relatively rare for a child to experience cyberbullying alone. Some experts suggest that cyberbullying is an extension of offline bullying.

This indicates that children who are being cyberbullied might be in a particularly tough situation. They are likely to be targeted anywhere, anytime – at school and at home. It becomes very hard for them to escape attacks.

Other factors that distinguish cyberbullying from offline bullying are:

  • Potential for a wider audience
  • Traces might stay online for a long time
  • Perpetrators can hide their identity

A Vicious Cycle: Another important characteristic of cyberbullying is that it is not uncommon for victims to become cyberbullies themselves.

Check Out This Video

Learn more about cyberbullying and its complex dynamics in today's digital world.

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Common Techniques of Cyberbullies


Posting provoking and insulting comments on social media, in discussion forums, or on gaming platforms. Trolls can be complete strangers to their victims. Their goal is to trigger responses from other users to stir up arguments.


Continuously sending hurtful, threatening, and abusive messages to a victim. Can be classified as a criminal offense.


Distributing someone else’s personal information without their consent.


A pattern of repeated and unwanted attention, harassment, or contact online that causes fear in the victim - often occurs on the basis of intense feelings.


Spreading false information about someone with the intention of damaging their reputation.

Revenge Porn

Publishing sexually explicit content of the victim on the internet. This kind of revenge might be pursued by an ex-partner after a breakup.


Creating a false profile on the internet to lure someone into a relationship.


My Child Might Be a Victim


As mentioned, cyberbullying can be an extension of traditional bullying. If you are worried that your child might be a cyberbullying victim, it can be helpful to observe both online and offline behaviors. Please note, the list below is only for guidance purposes, each child reacts to bullying in a different way. Some signs might also point to other mental health problems.


  • Doesn’t want to go to school
  • Unwilling to share information
  • Feeling sick or faking illness
  • Distress on Sunday nights
  • Becomes sad or angry
  • Appetite or sleeping problems
  • Poor grades at school


  • Becomes obsessed with being online
  • Suddenly stops using device
  • Seems nervous when using device
  • Jumpy when receiving notifications
  • Never leaves device unattended
  • Unwilling to talk about online life

Take Action

Talk About It

Find a good moment to tell your child that you are worried. Explain to them what bullying is and ask if anything like this is happening to them. They might be reluctant to talk to you at first, so let them know that they can talk to you if anything happens.

Share Help Contacts

If your child doesn’t want to talk to you, let them know that they can have a chat with another trusted adult, a teacher, or contact Childhelp.

Reassure Them

Tell your child that they can come to you if anything happens. Let them know that you won’t take away their phone, even if they admit that they are being bullied. They might refuse to tell you about what’s going on if they think that you might stop them from going online.

Child Disclosed Being Bullied

The cyberbullying is likely to be connected to a predator from the child’s offline world. If that is the case, it is important to take action both online and offline.

  1. Keep Calm – Don’t Retaliate
  2. It’s understandable if you feel angry or upset. You might experience an urge to respond to the bullies or to reach out to their parents. But it’s important not to retaliate. Your child will also feel an array of emotions, so it’s important for you to keep calm.

  3. Allow To Stay Online
  4. Taking away a child’s phone can make them feel more isolated and nervous about what’s happening online.

  5. Give them Options
  6. Tell your child what you are planning to do to tackle the bullying. Give them options and identify steps they could take to help solve the problems – such as collecting evidence, blocking bullies or talking to a teacher. This will help them to regain control.

  7. Collect Evidence
  8. Assist your child in taking screenshots of the cyberbullying. Note down what happened, names, dates, etc. Ask your child what they have already tried to do to stop it.

  9. Report & Block
  10. Help your child to report bullying content and block the predators on the respective websites/apps.

  11. Get Help
  12. If the bully is another student from your child’s school, you should get in touch with the class teacher. Schools are required to take appropriate measures to tackle bullying. You can ask for a copy of their anti-bullying policy.

While all 50 states have laws requiring schools to respond to bullying, many states do not specifically include cyberbullying under these laws or clearly define the role schools should play in responding to bullying that occurs outside of school. That said, in states where cyberbullying is not covered in their laws, schools may still take action with local or school policies that allow them to discipline.

Although cyberbullying in itself is not considered a crime in the US, in particularly severe cases (threats of violence, stalking, hate crimes) the police should be also contacted for help. A doctor or child counselor can help if you are concerned about your child’s mental wellbeing.

Check Out This Video

Consider a few tips on what to avoid when protecting your child against bullying.

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My Child Might Be a Bully


It can be difficult for a parent to think of their child as a perpetrator. Signs of cyberbullying behavior can be missed easily. You might not even find out that your child is bullying others until you receive a complaint from their school.

Some signs to look out for:

  • Testing limits and breaking rules
  • Aggression towards adults or peers
  • Little empathy towards victims
  • Obsession with popularity
  • Friends who are bullies

As mentioned above, it is also not uncommon for the roles of a victim and perpetrator to become blurred in cyberbullying. This might be a possible explanation for your child’s behavior – but it shouldn’t be used as an excuse for attacking others.

Some children may also think that they are just having fun and joking around. The latter may be particularly true for trolling, when the victim is not personally known to the child. That is why it is important to ensure your child understands how things that happen online can influence feelings and relationships in real life.

Steps you Can Take

  • Talk To Your Child: If you have been approached by someone else about your child’s behavior, you should first have a conversation with your child. Be direct about the issue, but also give your child a chance to explain their side.

  • Encourage Empathy: Help your child to understand how the other child may have felt. Explain why bullying is harmful and suggest positive approaches to handle negative feelings and conflicts.

  • Meaningful Consequences: Disciplining your child in a meaningful way can be effective. In cases of cyberbullying limiting or taking away the privilege of a mobile phone could be an adequate punishment. It might be also necessary to cooperate with their school. Explain the consequences and punishments to your child. Focus on your child’s behavior rather than their personality – emphasize that what they did was wrong, but they are not a bad child.

  • Reflection: Children are easily influenced by the behavior of adults and peers. Assess if there are any unkind interactions occurring within your family environment that your child might be witnessing. As part of your reflection, reassure your child that you still love them and model positive, calm behavior.

  • Explore a Safeguarding Assistant: The SafeToNet Mobile App is there to help your child navigate the difficult interactions that might arise when exploring the online world. Its Intelligent Keyboard acts as a real-time safeguarding assistant that helps educate your child on how to become a safer and kinder digital citizen.